Maurizio Nannucci

Similarities & Differences


Maurizio Nannucci
lives and works in Florence, Italy and
in South Baden, Germany

born in Florence, Italy

Maurizio Nannucci (Florence 1939, lives and works in Florence and in South Baden, Germany) belongs to the most inventively experimental artists of the last decades. Since the mid-sixties Nannucci devotes himself to exploring the multifaceted interrelations between language, writing and visual images, drawing on concepts and linguistic ideas and employing a wide variety of media, including photography, video, artist‘s books, editions, sound installations. On the search of artistic answers to a world in continuous change, he has developed an interdisciplinary approach of art practices which opened up a network of cooperations in the fields of art, architecture, poetry. In addition to language he is keenly interested in colour in all its manifestations.

As early as 1967 he began to create first neon “writings”, adding a further dimension of meaning and sensual appeal to his work. With colourfully lighted installations the artist places word-images in a fluid circuit that flows between colour, sign and meaning. The artist uses coloured glas tubes and neon light which have the effect of sharpening visual perception. The variety of luminous configurations motivate the viewer to see and to interprete language as well as the spatial context in a new way. Documenting his lingustic research and colour-experiences Nannucci collects continuously his own writing in the work in progress “Anthology” (1967 / 2011…). From 1974 to1985 he promoted the activities of the Zona non profit art space in Firenze and in 1998 is a co-founder of Base, progetti per l’arte. Nannucci has created Zona Archives, Recorthings and Exempla editions, curating several exhibitions in museums and public institutions. In the early nineties Nannucci started to collaborate with architects as Fritz Auer, Mario Botta, Stephan Braunfels, Massimiliano Fuksas, Nicholas Grimshaw, Renzo Piano, and realized several projects for public buildings. Maurizio Nannucci has participated several times in the Venice Biennale, at the Documenta Kassel, and in the Biennals of Sao Paulo, Sydney, Istanbul and Valencia; his works have been shown in over three hundred museums and gallery exhibitions. Maurizio Nannucci’s work is part of collections worldwide, including Fondazione Guggenheim, Venice; Staedtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich; Berliner Museen, Berlin; Kunstsammlung des Deutschen Bundestages, Berlin; Museum Of Fine Arts, Boston; Cnap, Paris…

Neon writings
The use of the fluorescent glare of powerful neonlight emphazises the dominant role of colour in the artist’s concept. Nannucci himself says: “It (colour) becomes an integral element in the writing, which is not only a collection of words but the material through which I express myself. Nevertheless, in a different respect, colour remains a primary fact. It is, after all, the first thing the viewer notices. If you look at one of the installations, the first thing you see is the colours and the way they are arranged, and it’s only when you’ve taken those features in that you read the text. So colour fulfils a dual function.”

The content of Nannucci’s neon writings is not only confined to the conceptual analysis of reality; instead, it poetically reconciles the claims of language, imagination and the real, with the confident assertion that „Light and beauty are two unquestionable facts“ or provocately inverts commonplace notions by introducing an opposition between text and reality: “There is no reason to believe that art exists”. A further category of Nannucci’s texts comprises statements, such as “You can imagine the opposite”, “All has to be done”, “Listen to your eyes”, “From friends to friends” or “All art has been contemporary”, which directly challenge the viewer to supplement the evidence of the eye by the exercise of the imagination.
Solo Shows (Selection)

Muba, Tourcoing
Quartz Studio, (Monk, Nannucci), Torino
Hofstätter Projekte, Wien

No more excuses, Stazione Leopolda, Firenze
Galerie Nikolaus Ruzicska, Salzburg
Giacomo Guidi Arte Contemporanea, Roma

Musée d’Art Moderne, Saint Etienne
Dom Umeni / The house of art, Budweis
Galerie Michele Didier, Paris

Galerie Nikolaus Ruzicska, Salzburg

Cabinet du Livre d’Artiste, Université, Rennes
Galleria degli Uffizi, Firenze

Galerie Susanna Kulli, Zürich
Villa Medicea La Magia, Quarrata (Pistoia)

Museum der Moderne Mönchsberg, Salzburg
Hubbrücke, Kunstmuseum, Magdeburg

Galerie Nikolaus Ruzicska, Salzburg

Palazzo della Triennale, Milano

Galleria Fumagalli, Bergamo
Bury Art Gallery Museum, Bury / Manchester

Pièce Unique, Paris
Art Metropole, Toronto

Galerie Fahnemann, Berlin
Mamco, Musée d’art contemporaine, Genève.
Biennale di Valencia, La Ciudad Ideal, Valencia
Palazzo Farnese, (Morellet, Nannucci), Ambassade de France, Roma

Sprengel Museum, Hannover

Biennale di Venezia Architettura, Venezia

Europäisches Patentamt, München
Cabinet des Estampes, Geneve
Galerie Fahnemann, Berlin

Museum Rupertinum, Salzburg

Galerie Fahnemann, Berlin
Galerie Walter Storms, München
Galerie Guy Ledune, Brüssel

Ecole des Beaux Art, Bourges
Justified Choice of Dimension, Dadart, Virtual Gallery, Firenze

Wiener Secession, Wien

Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris
Aarhus Kunstmuseum, (Turrell, Nannucci, Nauman), Aarhus

Usine Fromage, Frac Haute Normandie, Rouen
Galerie Gilbert Brownstone, Paris
Kasseler Kunstverein, Fridericianum, Kassel

Villa delle Rose, Galleria d‘Arte Moderna, Bologna
Villa Arson, Nice

Gallery Victoria Miro, Firenze
Galleria Massimo Minini, Brescia
Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, München

Galerie Martina Detterer, Frankfurt
Galeria Bruno Musatti, Sao Paulo
Gallery Insam Gleicher, Chicago

Gallery Victoria Miro, London
Galerie Walter Storms, München
Galerie Achim Kubinski, Stuttgart
Gallery Graeme Murray, Edinburgh
Elac, Lyon (Mattiacci, Mochetti, Nannucci)

Westfälischer Kunstverein Münster
Galleria del Cortile, Roma

Italian Cultural Institute & Art Metropole, Toronto
(Snow, Wiener, Nannucci)
The Charles Scott Gallery, Vancouver
Alberta College of Art, Calgary

Kunstverein Frankfurt, Frankfurt
Galerie Beatrix Wilhelm, Stuttgart

Sala d’Arme, Palazzo Vecchio, Firenze

De Vleeshal, Middelburg

Coracle Gallery, London

Kunstverein Braunschweig, Braunschweig
Galerie Lydia Megert, Bern

Galerie Walter Storms, München
Internationaal Cultureel Centrum, Antwerpen
Galerie Sudurgata, Reykjavik

Biennale di Venezia, Venezia
Galerie im Taxispalais, Innsbruck

Galleria Forma, Genova

Galerie multi art points, Amsterdam
Galleria Area, Firenze
Galerie Müller-Roth, Stuttgart

Galleria Massimo Minini, Brescia
Ecart, Geneve Galerie
Lydia Megert, Bern

Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz
Galerie Denise René & Hans Meyer, Düsseldorf
Galeria Schema, Firenze

Galleria Christian Stein, Torino
Salone Annunciata Milano

Galleria Flori, Firenze

Galerie Thomas Keller, München

Galleria Paolo Barozzi, Venezia
Galleria La Polena, Genova

Galleria Vismara, Milano

Centre Arte Viva, Trieste
Galerie Margaretha de Boeve, Gand
Group Shows since
1966 (Selection)

Kiasma Hits, Kiasma, Helsinki
Helicotrema, Fabbrica del Vapore, Milano
Open Museum Open City, Maxxi, Roma

Art in the city, Piazza Maggiore, Mambo, Bologna
Esthetique du livre , Frac Provence & Alpes & Cotes d’Azur, Marseille
Books & so, Gagosian Gallery, New York
Director’s choise, Aros Kunstmuseum, Aarhus
Les Pléiades, 30 ans des Frac, Les Abattoires, Toulouse

Neon / Who’s afraid of red yellow and blue, La Maison Rouge, Paris
In numbers, serial publications by artists since 1995, ICA, London
La radio siamo noi, Head, Genève
Neon / La materia luminosa dell’arte, Macro, Roma
Kunsthalle Weishaupt, Ulm
Speaking Artists, Busan Museum of Art, Busan
Learning Photographie, Frac Haute Normandie, Sotteville les Rouen

Fuori! Arte e Spazio Urbano, 1968/1976, Museo del Novecento, Milano
Collector, Artworks from Cnap, Musèe d’art moderne, Villeneuve d’Ascq
Out of storage / Provisoire & Définitif, Frac Nord-Pas de Calais, Timmerfabriek Maastricht
Centocinquant’anni d’Arte Italiana, Vittoriano, Roma
Hirschfaktor. Die kunst des Zieterens, Zkm, Karlsruhe
Am ende war das wort, Ursula Blickle, Stiftung, Kraichtal
New Tendencies, (1961/1973), Muzej Suvremene Umjetnostii, Zagreb
Auf den Zweiten Blick, Kunsthalle Weishaupt, Ulm
Linde Family Wing, Contemporary Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Temi e Variazioni / Scrittura e Spazio, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venezia
Video Medium Intermedium, Biennale di Venezia

Le meilleur des Mondes, Mudam, Luxembourg
Il grande gioco, Forme d’arte in Italia 1947-1989, Gamec, Bergamo
Alla maniera d’oggi. Base a Firenze, Galleria degli Uffizi, Firenze
Isole mai trovate, Islands Never Found, Palazzo Ducale, Genova; State Museum of Contemporary Art, Thessaloniki; Musee d’Art Moderne, Saint Etienne
Piazze d’Italia, Museum of contemporary art, Shanghai
Atlas? Como llevar el mundo a cuestas, Museon Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid
Zero bis Unendlich, Schauwerk, Sindelfingen
Niente da vedere, tutto da vedere, Biennale di Carrara
All art has been contemporary, Kunsthalle, Hamburg
Westart China Biennale, Yinchuan
Italian artists’ books 1960’s - now, Santa Monica Museum of Art, Santa Monica

Cose mai viste, Palazzo Barberini, Roma
15 Years of Collecting, Against the Grain, Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg
Tiempo como material, Macba, Barcelona
A,b,c… Lettere in Libertà, Museion, Bolzano
L’arte è una parola. Galleria Il Ponte, Firenze
Gagarin, The artists in their own words, Smak, Gent
On the margins of art. Creation and political engagement, Macba, Barcelona

Fatto Bene, Museo Pecci, Prato
Viaggio in Italia, Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz
The Hamsterwheel, Konsthall, Malmö
Vinil, Museu Serralves, Porto
bit international. [Nove] tendencije. Zagreb 1961/1973, Zkm Karlsruhe
Art Tapes 22, University Art Museum, Long Beach
Rives Creatives, Berges du Rhone, Lyon
Neon, Nomas Foundation, Roma
Open! Royale Projects, Indian Wells, California

Evidence of Movement, The Getty Research Center, Los Angeles
Gartenlust, Der Garten in der Kunst, Belvedere Wien, Orangerie, Atelier Augarten
Collezionismi, Assab One, Milano
Bit international, nove tendencije, Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz
Vertigo, Mambo, Museo d’Arte Moderna, Bologna
Souvenir dalla collezione del Centro per l’Arte Contemporanea Luigi Pecci, Prato
Who’s got the big picture?, Muhka, Antwerpen
Die Elbe (in)between, Kunstmuseum, Magdeburg
Anni Settanta, La Triennale, Milano
La parola nell’arte, Mart, Rovereto
Im Wort, Kunsthalle, Göppingen
Performa 07, Biennial of new visual art performance, New York
SI, Swiss Institute, New York

A la Une / Front page, Magasin, Grenoble
Ai confini della realtà, arte, scienza, tecnologia, Arcos, Benevento
Ergens / Somewhere, Muhka, Antwerpen
Busy going crazy, Collection Silvio Perlstein, La Maison Rouge, Paris
Corrispondenze, Museo Pecci, Prato
Preview / Opening, Musée d’Art Moderne Grand Duc Jean, Luxemburg
Art Metropole, The Top 100, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
Conversation Pieces, Museo Mario Praz, Roma

Hieroglyphen um Nofretete, Kulturforum, Berlin
The Giving Person, Pan, Palazzo delle Arti, Napoli
Domicile, Musèe d’art moderne, Saint Etienne
Text Festival, Bury Art Gallery Museum, Bury / Manchester
Artist’s Books, 2000 / 2005, Art Unlimited, Basel
Vinyl, Sullivans Quay, Cork Cultural Capital 2005 Privater Blick, Kunstmuseum, Kiel
Un secolo di arte italiana, Mart, Rovereto
Kunstlicht / Lichtkunst, Zkm, Karlsruhe

Five New Sculptures, Peggy Guggenheim, Venezia
Flirts, Arte e Pubblicità, Museion, Bolzano
Schriftbilder, Galerie von Bartha, Basel
Total, Magasin, Grenoble
Support, die Neue Galerie als Sammlung, 1950-heute, Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz

Magazines by Artists, Art Metropole, Toronto
Text, Galleria Arte Moderna, Bologna
Bella Pittura, Meisterwerke Italienischer Kunst im 20.Jh., Stadt Galerie, Klagenfurt
Zona Achives, Art, Architecture, Utopie en Toscane (1960/1980), Mamco, Genève
Colors / Aspect of Monochromaticity, Museion, Bolzano
The Spirit of White, Galerie Beyeler, Basel
Da Modigliani al Contemporaneo, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Foro Boario, Modena

Out of Print, Museo Serralves, Porto
Impressions, Galerie Beyeler, Basel
Materia d’Arte, Galleria Arte Moderna, Bologna
Le diaphane et l’obscure, Maison europeenne de la photographie, Paris
In the collection, Muhka, Antwerpen
Ars Lucis et Umbrae, Museum im Palais Kinsky, Wien
The Gift, Bronx Museum of Arts, New York
Parole, Parole, Parole, Galleria d’Arte Contemporanea, Trento
Bella Pittura, Meisterwerke Italienischer Kunst im 20.Jh., Neues Museum, Weimar
Popcorn and Politics, Activists of Art, Kiasma, Helsinki

Shopping, Generali Foundation, Wien
Boom, Manufattura Tabacchi, Firenze
La natura, l’arte, la meraviglia, Museo Storia Naturale, Verona e
Fondazione Bevilacqua La Masa, Venezia
La comédie humaine, Mamco, Genéve
Manifesto, Arte contemporanea a Torino
Extra Art, A survey of artists’ephemera 1960/1999 California College of Art and Crafts, San Fransisco

Farbe/Licht, Fondation Beyeler, Riehen
Re-Play, Generali Foundation, Wien
Light Pieces, Casino Luxembourg
La Collection, Musée d’Art Contemporaine, Lyon
Art/Light, Galerie Beyeler, Basel
Dopo Paesaggio, Palazzo Pitti, Firenze

Words, Moca, Museum of Contemporary Arts, Sydney
Artists’Authors, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
Positionen, Museion, Bolzano

L'Hypothèse du tableau volé, Mamco, Genève
Au rendez-vous des amis, Museo Pecci, Prato
Fotographie, Lenbachhaus, München
Kunst ohne Unikat, Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum, Graz
Biennale di Carrara, Carrara

L'Empreinte, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
Materiali dell'Arte, Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Bologna
Ecart, Genéve 1969/1982, Mamco Genéve
Kunst in der Stadt, Kunsthaus Bregenz
Heaven, Private View, PS1, New York

Le forme del suono, Stazione Leopolda, Firenze
Chimeriques Polymeres, Musée d'Art Moderne, Nice
FotoText, Museion, Bolzano and Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt

Biennial of Istanbul, The Vision of Art in a Paradoxial World, Istanbul
Biennale di Venezia, Aperto 95, On Board, Venezia
Bookmakers,*(edited by MN), Pays-paysage, Limoges

Translucent Writings, Neuberger Museum of Art, New York
Le Saut dans le vide, Centre des expositions, Moscow
Rudiments d'un musée possible 1, Mamco, Genève
The Century of Multiple, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg

Poesure et Peintrie, Vieille Charité, Marseille
L'art le mot, Musée d'art contemporain, Lyon
Opas, Nykytaiteen Museon, Helsinki
Die Sprache der Kunst, Kunsthalle, Wien and Kunstverein, Frankfurt

Frequences lumineuses, Parc de la Villette, Paris
Kunst Vertikal, Kunsthalle, Innsbruck

Ultralux, Museo d'Arte Moderna, Bolzano
Flavin, Nannucci, Sonnier, Galerie Anselm Dreher, Berlin
Nightlines, Centraal Museum, Utrecht
Buchstäblich, Van-der-Heydt Museum, Wuppertal
Intersezioni: Arte italiana negli anni '70/'80, Mucsarnok, Budapest

Biennale di Venezia, Venezia
Von der Natur in der Kunst, Messepalast, Wien
Neonstücke, Sprengel Museum, Hannover
The readymade boomerang, Biennale of Sydney, Sydney
Fluxus Closing in, Salvatore Ala Gallery, New York
Learn to Read Art: Artists' Books, Art Gallery, Hamilton

In other words, Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund
Arte contemporanea per un museo, Pac, Milano
Discothèque, *(edited by MN), Maison du Livre de l'lmage et du Son, Villeurbanne

Secret events, *(edited by MN), Zona archives, Firenze
La couleur seule, I'expérience du monochrome, Musée d'Art Moderne Saint Pierre, Lyon

Documenta 8, Kassel
Armchair Travelling, Metropolitan Museum, New York
Art in bookform, *(edited by MN), Alvar Aalto Museo, Jyväskyla and Porin Taidemuseo, Pori
Buchstäblich wörtlich, Nationalgalerie, Berlin
Tendencies in Italy, Galerie Nouvelles Images, Den Haag
Auf ein Wort, Gutenberg Museum, Mainz
Italienische Zeichnungen 1945/1987, Kunstverein, Frankfurt
Arte in Italia, Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Bologna

Aspekte der italienischen Kunst 1960/1985, Frankfurt, Berlin, Wien
Italia, una geracao, Thomas Cohn arte contemporanea, Rio de Janeiro
Contracts / Contrasts, Porin Taidemuseo, Pori
Quadriennale, Roma
World wide sound sculpture, De Appel, Amsterdam
A.P. artists' photographs, *(edited by MN), Archivio storico, Marciana, Isola d'Elba
Prospect '86, Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt

Livres d'artistes, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
Biennale des Friedens, Kunstverein, Hamburg
Sul linguaggio e l'estasi / Una generazione nell'arte italiana, Alvar Aalto Museo, Jyväskyla, Porin Taidemuseo, Pori
Alles und noch viel mehr, Kunsthalle, Bern
Bild / Sprache, Galerie im Taxispalais, Innsbruck

Evidence of the Avantgarde, Art Metropole, Toronto
Foné, *(edited by MN), Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

Audio, Moderna Museet, Stockholm
Kunst mit Photographie 1960/1980, National Galerie, Berlin and Kölnischer Kunstverein, Köln
L'estate del 1983 fu starordinariamente lunga e fresca, *(edited by MN), Marciana, Isola d'Elba

Biennale of Sydney, Sydney
Du livre, Musée des Beaux Arts, Rouen
11 italienische Künstler in München, Künstlerwerkstätten, München
Foné, *(edited by MN), Teatro Rondò di Bacco, Firenze
Ars electronica, The world in 24 hours, Linz
Live to Air, Tate Gallery, London

Identité Italienne, Centre George Pompidou, Paris
Blu oltremare, *(edited by MN), Marciana, Isola d'Elba
Erweiterte Photographie, Wiener Secession, Wien
Biennale di Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo
Cent livres d'artistes italiens, *(edited by MN), Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris
Linee della ricerca artistica in Italia 1960/1980, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Roma
Malmoe, Konsthall, Malmö
Construction in process of 70s, Museum Sztuki, Lodz
Künstlerbücher, *(edited by MN), Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt
Zonaradio, *(edited by MN), Zona, Firenze

Polyphonix, American Center, Paris
Books by Artists, Metro Toronto Library, Toronto
Vom Aussehen der Wörter, Kunstmuseum, Hannover

Photographie als Kunst / Kunst als Photographie 1949/1979, Tiroler
Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck, Linz, Graz, Wien
Sprachen jenseits von Dichtung, Westfälischer Kunstverein, Münster
La pratica politica, Galleria Civica, Modena
Parola & Suono, *(edited by MN), Zona, Firenze
Licht '79, Van Abbe Museum & Phillips Centrum, Eindhoven

Artists' Books, Cento libri d'artista cento, *(edited by MN), Palazzo Strozzi, Firenze
Artwords bookworks, Laica, Los Angeles
Keeping Time: a phonothèque, *(edited by MN), Zona, Firenze
Parola, Museo Civico, Forlì
Le texte et la question, Musée de Calais, Calais
Art, artist & the media, Avz, Graz
L'estampe aujourd'hui, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris
Media practice, Gin Gallery, Tokyo
Formato lib(&)ro, *(edited by MN), Palazzo Vecchio, Firenze

Documenta 6, Kassel
La forma della scrittura, Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Bologna
03 23 03, Institut d'Art Contemporain, Montréal
Tekst in geluid, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Art tapes 22, Archivio Storico, Biennale di Venezia, Venezia
The Record as Artwork, The Forth Worth Art Museum, Forth Worth
Artists' Books, Museum of Modern Art, Teheran

Two Centuries of Art Magazines, Victoria & Albert Museum, London
Artists' Books, Arts Council, London
Licht in der Malerei, Deutsches Museum, München
Fotomedia, Amos Anderson Museum, Helsinki

Artists' Videotapes, Palais des Beaux Arts, Bruxelles
Poésie/s concrète et d'autres, *(edited by MN), Salle Patino, Genève
Small press scene, *(edited by MN), Zona, Firenze
Vargen, Moderna Museet, Stockholm

Returned to sender, *(edited by MN), Galleria Schema, Firenze
Flash Art Information, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Köln
A head museum for the 80s, Moderna Museet, Stockholm
Prospectiva 74, Museu de Arte Contemporaneo, Sao Paulo
Project 1974, Kunsthalle Köln
Video impact, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Lausanne

Fluxshoe, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford
Italian Visual Poetry 1912/1972, Finch Museum College, New York
Scrittura visuale in Italia, Museo d'Arte Moderna, Torino
L'estampe contemporaine, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris

Critica in atto, Incontri internazionali d'arte, Roma
Multiples, Akademie der Künste, Berlin
Biennial of Colombia, Medellin

Nuovi termini di riferimento per il linguaggio artistico, Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Palazzo Pitti, Firenze
L'azione concreta, Fossati, Gastini, Griffa, Nannucci, Parmiggiani, *(edited by MN), Villa Olmo, Como
Aspetti della grafica europea, Biennale di Venezia, Venezia
Accumulazioni, Galleria Flori, Firenze
Art Systems, Museo de Arte Moderno, Buenos Aires

Text Buchstabe Bild, Helmhaus, Zürich
Concrete poesie?, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Sammlung Feelisch, Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund
New Multiple Art, Arts Council, London
Exempla, *(edited by MN), Marciana, Isola d'Elba

Poesia concreta, Biennale di Venezia, Venezia
Visuelle Poesie, konzeptionelle Bilder / Westfälischer, Kunstverein, Münster
Latitudine / Longitudine, *(edited by MN), Marciana, Isola d' Elba
Konfrontationen, Galerie im Taxispalais, Innsbruck
Typoezia, Nouvelle Tendence, Zagreb and Ljubljana
Livres objets, Festival International du Livre, Nice

Km. 149000000, Palazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara
Visuelle poesie, Galerie im Taxispalais, Innsbruck
Galerie Naechst, St. Stephan, Wien
Cybernetic serendipity, ICA, London

Mostra internazionale di poesia concreta e musica elettronica, *(edited by MN), Teatro Donizetti, Bergamo
Musica ex machina, *(edited by MN), Museo storia naturale, Verona
Forum on Poetry, Greater London Arts Association, London
Ipotesi linguistiche intersoggestive, Centro Proposte, Firenze, Torino

Esposizione internazionale di poesia sperimentale, Modena
Premio Fiorino, Palazzo Strozzi, Firenze